Moms are Top 'Breadwinners' in Record 40% of Households

Moms are Top 'Breadwinners' in Record 40% of HouseholdsWomen with children are increasing becoming the primary breadwinners in their homes as new research pegs that figure at a record high 40 percent of households.
Four out of every 10 households with children under the age of 18 include mothers who are either the sole or primary source of income for the family, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
That share was just 11 percent in 1960.
The breadwinner moms are made up of two very different groups: 5.1 million (37 percent) are married mothers who have a higher income than their husbands, and 8.6 million (63 percent) are single mothers.
The income gap between the two groups is quite large.
The median total family income of married mothers who earn more than their husbands was nearly $80,000 in 2011, well above the national median of $57,100 for all families with children — and nearly four times the $23,000 median for families led by a single mother.
The groups differ in other ways. Compared with all mothers with children under age 18, married mothers who out-earn their husbands are slightly older, disproportionally white and college educated.
Single mothers, by contrast, are younger, more likely to be black or Hispanic, and less likely to have a college degree.
The growth of both groups of mothers is tied to women’s increasing presence in the workplace. Women make up almost of half (47 percent) of the U.S. labor force today, and the employment rate of married mothers with children has increased from 37% in 1968 to 65% in 2011.

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